Energy

Emerging Energy Technologies

Emerging hydrogen based energy technologies are now demonstrating potential to provide carbon-free energy, suitable for baseload and transportation applications.


Existing technologies can be characterised as either:
  • Super-Chemical, or
  • Low Energy Nuclear.

Super-Chemical systems involve energy release from electron transitions to below ground state, (e.g. Mills, 2016), forming  "de-excited" electrons.

Low energy nuclear systems release energy from nuclear transitions triggered under terrestrial conditions, (i.e. they do not require extreme explosive conditions).  Many mechanisms have been proposed to explain these systems, the most accepted of these being neutron capture reactions, (e.g. Widom & Larsen, 2006).

Subtle Atomics has identified a new energy process that utilises elements of both these concepts, recognising that a highly de-excited hydrogen atom can transition to a neutron in the context of a neutron capture reaction.



De-excitedElectrons
S. Brink, August 2017
Excess energy observations have been extensively reported previously from many hydrogen and deuterium energy systems, including by Colman & Seddon-Gillespie (1956), Moray (1978), Herman Anderson (1980), Yasuhiro Iwamura, Mark LeClair,  Mills (1980's-2016) and many Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (LENR) experimenters.
S. Brink, August 2017

Hydrogen Induced "S Process"


The new energy process releases energy by a neutron accumulation process. The process is expected to be similar to the "s-process" recognised in astrophysics, but differs from the existing recognised processes as it identifies a hydrogen to neutron transition path rather than requiring a dense neutron plasma to facilitate the process.  The new process involves two distinct stages:

Stage 1  - Highly de-excited hydrogen formation

Stage 2 - A de-excited hydrogen capture process, during which the hydrogen atom (proton + electron) transition to a neutron which is captured by an adjacent nucleus.


S. Brink, 5th September 2017 - updated 20th Sept 2017
 Stages of the New Hydrogen Induced "S-Process" for Hydrogen


The new process may actually be a more realistic explanation for the 's-process' identified in nuclear astrophysics as occuring in Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars.

A similar "Combined System" energy process is also expected for deuterium. In the presence of specific catalysts, deuterium can also transition to a highly de-excited state (Stage 1).  Highly excited deuterium can then transition to a double neutron (Stage 2A) during a "double neutron capture reaction (Stage 2B). 

Deuterium Induced "S Process"



A similar  energy process is also expected for deuterium. Deuterium is also expected to be able to transition to highly de-excited state (Stage 1).  Highly excited deuterium may then transition to a double neutron (Stage 2A) during a "double neutron capture reaction (Stage 2B). 

Energy System Prototypes

Subtle Atomics has constructed a number of prototypes to test the validity of emerging theory and to investigate the viability of energy systems based on super-chemical processes, low energy nuclear reactions, the new Hydrogen induced "S-Process" and the Deuterium Induced "S-Process". 

Note: This photo has
been digitally enhanced

Please ​​​contact us on +61 (0) 419 370 971 if you are interested in collaborating or supporting technology development.