Expanding Earth

Recognition that the earth is expanding, rather than static at it's current size, provides significant insight into a range of terrestrial sciences including geology, minerology, plate techtonics, groundwater and resource extraction. 

Expansion processes have been previously well described for stars (Stahler, S, 2004).  New theory now shows that the expansion processes also occurs in smaller celestial objects such as planets and asteroids.   

Earth expansion has been previously proposed based on geological observations, but a viable  expansion mechanism was not identified.  An extension of background energy theory is now providing a valid physical mechanism explaining planetary expansion observations.

Expanding Earth Physics

The proposed mechanism for expansion of the  earth is the continuous  transition  of background energy to mass in accordance with Einstein's principle of:

E = m .c 2   or   m  =  E . c -1/2

The energy to mass conversion process occurs as mass slowly absorbs background energy creating new mass.

But NASA Says the Earth Isn't Expanding? ​​

Measurements taken by NASA-led research team over relatively short time intervals did not identify evidence of constant earth expansion, (Wu, 2011). Although these measurements were most probably made with a high degree of accuracy, they would not have been expected to identify expansion as the proposed expansion process is thought to be stepwise based on techtonic and volcanic events.


Method:  Take one very long tape measure.  Travel to the equator.    Put in a starting peg.  Travel east until you return to the starting peg and measure the distance.  Wait until a major techtonic event occurs.  Repeat measurement and compare results.  
Observations:  The earth expands incrementally during major techtonic events with it's radius increasing over time.  Geolgical modelling indicates that the current expansion rate is approximately 22mm per year (on average), (Maxlow, 2015).

Conclusion: Expanding earth observations require identification of a valid physical mechanism.
Are earthquakes and volcanic eruptions caused by expanding earth processes?

The proposed process involves background energy accumulation within the earth's core which builds up pressure without expansion until a major pressure release event, such as an earthquake or volcanic eruption occurs. Observations have confirmed that major techtonic events cause local expansion across the quake fault line.

​​ Expanding earth theory described by Ott Christoph Hilgenberg, Jean Yarkovsky, Roberto Mantovani and Samuel Waren Carey. 

Expanding earth theory development and advocacy by James Maxlow and Lance Endersbee.
​​Stahler, S. and Palla, F., 2004, The Formation of Stars, Wiley-VCH, ISBN 3-527-40559-3
​​NASA, 2011, NASA Research Confirms it's a Small World, After All, NASA website
​​Wu, X., 2011, Accuracy of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame origin and Earth expansion, 
Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1029/2011GL047450
​​Endersbee, L.  2005, A Voyage of Discovery: An Earthshaking Revalation of What is Happening to Our Planet
ISBN 10: 0646453017 ISBN 13: 9780646453019
Maxlow, J.  2016, Expansion Techtonics Website