Expanding Earth

Expanding Earth Physics

Recognition that the earth is expanding, rather than static at it's current size, provides significant insight into a range of terrestrial sciences including geology, minerology, plate techtonics, groundwater and resource extraction. 

Expansion processes have been previously well described for stars (Stahler, S, 2004).  The expansion processes also occur in planets, asteroids and other celestial objects.   

Previously the biggest arguement agains expanding earth theory was that a mechanism for expansion was not identified.  The new atomic model being developed by Subtle Atomics,  indicates  that background energy theory can adequately describe a valid physical mechanism for planetary expansion.

The proposed mechanism for expansion of the  earth is the   continuous  transition  of  background energy to mass in accordance with Einstein's principle of:

E = m .c 2   or   m  =  E . c -1/2

The energy to mass conversion process is not currently known, but based on the new Subtle Atomics model, the process may have a number of stages, as follows:

1. Mass absorbs background energy.                        

Energy is trapped as circular electromagnetic fields (dark matter).  These fields will be relatively large compared to particle size.  (larger = lower energy)

2. Mass absorbs and transfers more background energy to the electromagnetic fields.  

As more energy is progresively transferred to circular fields, they shrink until they eventually form the highest energy circular state, conventional matter.
But NASA Says the Earth Isn't Expanding? ​​

Acknowledgements: 
​​ Expanding earth theory described by Ott Christoph Hilgenberg, Jean Yarkovsky, Roberto Mantovani and Samuel Waren Carey. 


Expanding earth theory development and advocacy by James Maxlow and Lance Endersbee.
​​References:
​​Stahler, S. and Palla, F., 2004, The Formation of Stars, Wiley-VCH, ISBN 3-527-40559-3
​​NASA, 2011, NASA Research Confirms it's a Small World, After All, NASA website
​​Wu, X., 2011, Accuracy of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame origin and Earth expansion, 
Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1029/2011GL047450
​​Endersbee, L.  2005, A Voyage of Discovery: An Earthshaking Revalation of What is Happening to Our Planet
ISBN 10: 0646453017 ISBN 13: 9780646453019
Experiment

Method:  Take one very long tape measure.  Travel to the equator.    Put in a starting peg.  Travel east until you return to the starting peg and measure the distance.  Wait until a major techtonic event occurs.  Repeat measurement and compare results.  

Observations:  The earth expands incrementally during major techtonic events with it's radius increasing over time.  Geolgical modelling indicates that the current expansion rate is approximately 22mm per year (on average), (Maxlow, 2015).

Conclusion: Expanding earth observations require identification of a valid physical mechanism.
​​
Maxlow, J.  2016, Expansion Techtonics Website
www.expansiontectonics.com
Measurements taken by NASA-led reasearch team over relatively short time intervals did not identify evidence of constant earth expansion, (Wu, 2011).

The expansion process is thought to be stepwise, with internal pressure constantly building, then expansion occuring as major techtonic events (earthquakes).  

Observations have confirmed that major techtonic events cause expansion across the affected fault line.
  

Are earthquakes are caused by
expanding earth processes?